|Other Names:||Barbone, Caniche Pudelhund|
The Poodle is noted for its ability in the water. It has also been known as the Caniche, which is its original French name. The word poodle comes from German pudeln, meaning ‘to splash’.
Poodles are typically intelligent, alert, and active. Breed standards call for a dignified, elegant carriage. The poodle is often thought of as a typically French breed (it was originally known as the French Poodle), and numerous sources cite it as France’s national dog. However, it is an old breed and its region of origin is unknown. Most experts believe the poodle originated in Germany or Russia, but it may have come from Iberia. Related breeds are the Portuguese_Water_Dog and Irish Water Spaniel.
The breed comes in three sizes (as described by most breed registries):
- Standard: Over 38cm (15 in) at the shoulder
- Miniature: Over 28 cm (11in) high, but under 38cm
- Toy: Less than 28cm (11 in)
The fur is harsh, either in tight curls or corded. To compete in competion, coat colour must be a solid color, one of black, white, brown, grey, blue, or apricot. The nose colour matches the coat. “Parti”, “phantom” and other coat colors exist, but are not acceptable in the show ring.
The coat can be clipped in various styles: the Continental or Lion clip (with the instantly-recognisable ‘mane’), the English Saddle clip (with leg bracelets), the Kennel clip (fur same length all over) and other styles, generally variants of the Continental. The ‘bracelets’ of longer fur on the leg joints are said to date back to winter hunts, where most of the fur was clipped short to facilitate swimming but the joints needed protection from the cold. Poodles make good companions and are extremely loyal, sometimes to the point of being possessive. The owner should be a competent trainer, as poodles can be willful if trained poorly. Poodles do not shed, and require plenty of grooming.
Many hybrids have been created by crossing a poodle with another breed:
- Cockapoo (Poodle with Cocker spaniel)
- Goldendoodle (Golden Retriever with poodle)
- Labradoodle (Poodle with Labrador)
- Lhasa-Poo (Poodle with Lhasa Apso)
- Maltese Poodle (Toy poodle with Maltese)
- Pekeapoo (Pekingese with poodle)
- Pomapoo (Pomeranian with poodle)
- Pudelpointer (Poodle with various pointers)
- Spoodle (Miniature poodle with Cocker spaniel)
- Schnoodle (Miniature or standard poodle with miniature or standard Schnauzer)
- Shipoo (Shih Tzu with poodle)
- Yorkiepoo (Poodle with Yorkshire Terrier)
People with allergies to dog hair are said to be less irritated by these hybrids, although this assertion is debated. See also Dog hybrids and crossbreeds. Poodles are generally kept as pets. However, they are also used (by French customs for instance) to search for illegal substances (narcotics) because of their small size. This makes it easier and more discreet for them to search cars and trains compartments than bigger breeds such as German Shepherds).
Their intelligence and athletic build has made them popular as trick dogs or circus dogs. They can perform well in some dog sports, such as dog agility, although their independent or playful nature can sometimes distract them from the focus and drive needed for these sports.
Courtesy of: The Free Dictionary