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Mexican Hairless Dog Breed


Category: Utility
Origin: Mexico
Other Names: Xoloitzcuintli, Xoloitzcuintle, Xoloitzquintle, Tepeizeuintli
Size: Medium
Lifespan: 12-14 years
Living Area: Any
Exercise: Medium
Grooming: Low

A Xoloitzcuintli or Xoloitzcuintle (the initial ‘x’ is pronounced as an ‘sh’), also known as Tepeizeuintli or Mexican Hairless, is a now rare, almost hairless breed of dog the approximate size of a terrier with an average body temperature of 40¦C. The breed was native to Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and may date back some 3500 years. Owners of this dog call them “xolos” from short.

The Aztec and Maya cultures are believed to have kept this animal as pets. They also ate the meat of the Xoloitzcuintli.

Depending on which genes an individual dog gets, many members of this breed are also missing several teeth.

The origin of these dogs goes far back into history. Previously the natives ate their flesh which was highly prized. The breed was regarded as the earthly representative of the god “Xolotl”, from which his name obviously originates. His task was to accompany the souls of the dead to their eternal resting place. The breed is also known by the name “Mexican Hairless Dog”.

Courtesy of: The Free Dictionary